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Report on epidemiology to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
NIOSH 1979 Oct; :1-28
Proposed procedures for reporting and handling diving casualties are discussed. The procedures were developed as part of a plan for a National Diving Accident Network for the United States. The plans for the national diving accident reporting network are being developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Undersea Medical Society, Incorporation, with funding by NIOSH. The procedures involve developing a standard accident reporting form, a standard physical examination, and a standard autopsy protocol. The proposed standardized accident reporting form is presented. Hazards of the compressed air environment are discussed. Hazards which require rapid emergency handling in decreasing order of seriousness are: rupture of the lung resulting in embolism; pneumothorax or mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema; decompression sickness; incapacitation due to physical injury or pressure related injury; and incapacitation due to natural diseases. A proposed autopsy protocol is discussed. The authors note that in a pressure related diving accident, the traumatic agent is a simple gas or mixture of gases which although causing death, may go undetected when the standard autopsy routine is followed. A check list for performing an autopsy on a diving accident victim is given.
Laboratory-animals; Physiological-measurements; Industrial-exposures; Accident-analysis; Analytical-models; Occupational-exposure; Diagnostic-techniques; Accident-potential
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, Undersea Medical Society, Bethesda, Maryland, UMS Publication Number 33(EP),28 pages