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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-107-1574, Dana Corporation, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-107-1574, 1985 Apr; :1-30
Environmental and breathing zone samples of cutting fluids and oils were analyzed at Dana Corporation (SIC-3714), Fort Wayne, Indiana in May, 1983. The survey was requested by a company representative to evaluate the cause of dermatitis among machine tool operators. A cutting fluid used at the facility was thought to be the cause of the dermatitis. Medical questionnaires were administered to 95 workers. Company dispensary records were reviewed. N- nitrosodimethylamine (62759) and triethanolamine (102716) were detected in new and used cutting fluid samples. Nickel (7440020), chromium (7440473), and zinc (7440666) were detected in a sample of used cutting oil residue. Chloromethyl-phenol (40053983) was found in two cutting fluid mix samples. All concentrations were below the OSHA standard of 5 milligrams per cubic meter for oil mists. Thirty eight workers reported skin problems, mostly cases of irritant or allergic dermatitis. Eight workers with skin problems reported exposures to chlorothene (71556). The authors conclude that a health hazard exists at the facility. The skin problems appear to be related to exposure to cutting fluids and solvents in general, rather than a specific agent. Recommendations include using protective clothing, using waterless hand cleaners instead of solvents, and avoiding contact with chlorothene.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Automotive-industry; Region-5; Dermatology; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Skin; HETA-83-107-1574; Author Keywords: Manufacturing Motor Vehicle Parts; Cutting Fluids; Dermatitis; Mineral Oil; Nitrosamines; Trim Sol
62-75-9; 102-71-6; 7440-02-0; 7440-47-3; 7440-66-6; 40053-98-3; 71-55-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division