Psychology In Health Risk Messages For Workers.
Cohen-A; Colligan-MJ; Berger-P
NIOSH 1985:75 pages
A NIOSH project to develop guidelines for company health risk notices to its employees was described. The goal of the project was to create notices having a high potential for increasing worker assimilation and understanding of job hazards and risks, and to promote safe work practices to reduce the hazards. The project involved: formation of an advisory group that included outside scientists with specialty knowledge about communications and health risks who would submit a review paper outlining effective health risk information; obtaining reactions to the review from management and union representatives; formulation of a set of draft guidelines by NIOSH; distributing draft guidelines to the advisory groups for revision; revising the guidelines; and field trials to apply and test the guidelines. Fourteen guidelines were developed. The guidelines emphasized characteristics such as concrete content (as opposed to abstract content), specificity (as opposed to general, vague references), genuine concern (as opposed to detached, impersonal concern), and intelligibility. The authors note that field trials based on the guidelines should provide an empirical basis for indicating the utility of the guidelines and their potential for wider use.
NIOSH-Author; Employees; Workers; Hazards; Psychology; Communication; Risk-communication; Workplace-studies;
NTIS Accession No.
Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, 75 pages, 82 references