Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-011-1567, KP Industries, Delphos, Ohio.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-011-1567, 1985 Feb; :1-22
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for ethyl-2- cyanoacrylate (7085850) (ECA), lead (7439921), copper (7440508), beryllium (7440417), vinyl-chloride (75014), azodicarbonamide (123773), and xylene (1330207) at a fabricated metal products facility (SIC-3465), in Delphos, Ohio in January, 1984. The survey was requested by the local union to evaluate potential hazards at the facility. Biological monitoring for blood lead, free erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and zinc-protoporphyrin in five lead exposed individuals was conducted. Medical questionnaires were given to 16 ECA and five lead exposed workers. ECA at a concentration of 4.6 milligrams per cubic meter was found in the work areas. There is no Federal standard for ECA. Concentrations of the other substances were below the limits of detection. All biological monitoring results were within normal limits. ECA exposed workers had a higher incidence of upper respiratory symptoms such as stuffy nose and irritated or sore throat than lead exposed workers. Lead workers had a higher incidence of skin rashes than ECA exposed workers. The authors note that the use of ECA has been discontinued at the facility. The data suggest that exposure to ECA causes sensitization and allergic reactions. Improved local exhaust ventilation is recommended.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Region-5; Trace-analysis; Allergic-reactions; Air-monitoring; Pulmonary-disorders; HETA-84-011-1567;
Author Keywords: Fabricated Metal Products; Cyanoacrylate; Ethyl Cyanoacrylate; Lead; Copper; Beryllium; Vinyl Chloride; Xylene; Respiratory Symptoms; Asthma
7085-85-0; 7439-92-1; 7440-50-8; 7440-41-7; 75-01-4; 123-77-3; 1330-20-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health