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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-075-1559, United Catalysts, Inc. - West Plant, Louisville, Kentucky.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-075-1559, 1985 Feb; :1-60
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for nickel (7440020), copper (7440508), other metals, particulates, silica (7631869), ammonia (7664417), nitrogen oxides, and inorganic acids at United Catalysts, Incorporated, West facility (SIC-2819), Louisville, Kentucky in November, 1982, and March and June, 1983. The survey was requested by the Kentucky Department of Labor because of a potential high incidence of cancer in the workplace. Medical questionnaires were administered to 235 employees. Company pulmonary function test data and retirement and insurance death records were reviewed for a possible cancer excess. Twenty of 38 nickel samples exceeded the NIOSH recommended standard of 15 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3). Twelve of 38 copper samples exceeded the OSHA standard of 1,000microg/m3. The other substances were generally below their relevant standards. Seventy two percent of the employees reported having at least one of such symptoms as cough, nasal sores, itchy burning nose, and skin rash. Almost half of the pulmonary test results were abnormal. No significant excess of cancer was found. The authors conclude that a health hazard exists due to exposure to nickel and copper. Recommendations include establishing an employee education program about workplace hazards and improving the respiratory protection and engineering controls program.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Industrial-environment; Region-4; Pulmonary-disorders; Air-contamination; Trace-analysis; Air-sampling; HETA-83-075-1559; Author Keywords: Industrial Inorganic Chemicals, Chemical Catalysts; catalyst-manufacturing; Nickel; copper; chromium; chromium VI; ammonia; phosphoric acid; skin rash; cough; nasal sores
7440-02-0; 7440-50-8; 7631-86-9; 7664-41-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division