Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-358-1558, United Catalysts, Inc. - South Plant, Louisville, Kentucky.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-358-1558, 1985 Feb; :1-55
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for nickel (7440020), chromium(VI) (18540299), other metals, particulates, silica (7631869), sulfuric-acid (7664939), ammonia (7664417), and ionizing radiation at United Catalysts, Incorporated, South facility (SIC-2819), Louisville, Kentucky, in November, 1982 and June/July, 1983. The survey was requested by the Kentucky Department of Labor to evaluate occupational exposures and related health problems. Medical questionnaires were distributed to 98 employees. Pulmonary function test data was reviewed. All 33 personal nickel samples exceeded the NIOSH recommended standard of 15 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3). Four area chromium(VI) samples exceeded the NIOSH standard of 0.001microg/m3. Area ionizing radiation readings ranged up to 30 or more millirems per hour (mR/hour). The Nuclear Regulatory Commission standard for ionizing radiation is 3mR/hour. Concentrations of all other substances were below relevant standards. Sixty nine percent of the employees had one or more of such symptoms as cough, nasal sores, or skin rash. About half of the pulmonary test results were abnormal. The authors conclude that a health hazard exists due to nickel exposure. Potential hazards due to ionizing radiation and chromium(VI) also exist. Recommendations include instituting an employee education program about workplace hazards and improving respiratory protection and engineering controls.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Industrial-environment; Region-4; Emission-sources; Ventilation; Air-sampling; Inhalants; HETA-82-358-1558;
Author Keywords: Industrial inorganic chemicals, chemical catalysts; catalyst manufacturing; nickel; chromium; chromium VI; ionizing radiation; cough; nasal sores; skin rash
7440-02-0; 18540-29-9; 7631-86-9; 7664-93-9; 7664-41-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health