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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-024-1428, Chemetco, Incorporated, Alton, Illinois.
Cherniack MG; Kominsky JR
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-024-1428, 1984 Mar; :1-35
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for lead (7439921) (Pb), arsenic (7440382) (As), beryllium (7440417) (Be), cadmium (7440439) (Cd), nickel (7440020) (Ni), and sulfuric-acid (7664939) at Chemetco Incorporated (SIC-3340), Alton, Illinois, in February and November of 1982, and April 1983. The evaluation was requested by the United States Steel Workers because of concern of metal exposures and the occurrence of a diagnosed case of sarcoidosis. Seven tank house employees were given medical evaluations and 16 others were screened for Be exposure. Some of the Pb, As, and Be concentrations exceeded the OSHA standards of 50, 10, and 2.0 micrograms per cubic meter, respectively. Cd, Ni, and sulfuric-acid concentrations were below the relevant standards. Pb deposits were found on eating surfaces in the lunch rooms. The worker diagnosed as having sarcoidosis actually had been sensitized to Be. The tank house workers had a high incidence of nasal and skin problems. There was no evidence of Be disease. The authors conclude that a definite health hazard from Be and potential health hazards from Pb and As exist. Recommendations include implementation of an effective respiratory protection program and thorough cleaning of eating surfaces in the lunch rooms.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Region-5; Chemical-industry-workers; Heavy-metals; Lung-fibrosis; Skin-disorders; Air-contamination; Nasal-disorders; HETA-82-024-1428; Author Keywords: Secondary Smelting and Refining of Nonferrous Metals and Alloys; beryllium disease; sarcoidosis; granulomatous disease; lymphocyte transformation test; lead; beryllium; arsenic; sulfuric acid; skin irritation; nasal irritation
7439-92-1; 7440-38-2; 7440-41-7; 7440-43-9; 7440-02-0; 7664-93-9
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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