NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-143-1419, United States Assay Office, San Francisco, California.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-143-1419, 1984 Feb; :1-16
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for metal fume particulates, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PNA), hydrogen- sulfide (7783064) (H2S), and carbon-monoxide (630080) (CO) at the United States Assay Office (SIC-9999), San Francisco, California in March and April 1983. Evaluation was requested out of concern for exposure to metal fumes from the melting of coins and possible work related headaches, nausea, and kidney disease. Twelve workers were interviewed and the medical records of six employees working in the melting room were reviewed. Metal fumes, CO, and H2S concentrations were below all relevant standards. Two PNA compounds, fluoranthene (206440) and pyrene (129000), were detected at concentrations of respectively. There is no current standard for fluoranthene or pyrene. No pattern of medical symptoms or physical findings that were work related were found. The authors conclude that no overexposure to environmental contaminants has occurred. Recommendations include substituting the quenching oil used as a mold release with a sodium-silicate wash to eliminate PNA exposure and using an appropriate respirator in the melting room.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Metalworking-industry; Region-9; Metal-fumes; Renal-toxicity; Polynuclear-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Breathing-zone; Industrial-exposures; HETA-83-143-1419; Author Keywords: Nonclassifiable Establishments; Assay; Metal Melting; Coin Melting; Battery Melting; Solvents; Renal Disease
7783-06-4; 630-08-0; 206-44-0; 129-00-0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division