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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-280-1407, Hoover Company, North Canton, Ohio.
Hartle R; Aw T-C
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-280-1407, 1984 Jan; :1-32
Worker exposures were investigated in April 1983 at the Hoover Company (SIC-3630), North Canton, Ohio. The evaluation was requested by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local 1985. Area and personal air samples for numerous contaminants were collected and nonionizing radiation levels were measured. Respiratory questionnaires and pulmonary function tests were given to 48 foundry workers exposed to aluminum (7429905) dust and fumes, and general medical questionnaires and blood tests for methyl-ethyl- ketone (78933) (MEK) were given to 10 exposed workers. Significant exposures were found for asbestos (1332214) in the commutator machining operation area, with concentrations ranging from 0.04 to 1.88 fibers per cubic centimeter (cc); oil mist in the foundry area at 0.28 to 15.3 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), and perchloroethylene (127184) at the degreaser area at 40.9 to 250mg/m3; OSHA standards are 5 fibers/cc, 15mg/m3, and 679mg/m3, respectively. No respiratory symptoms or pulmonary function disorders were identified in the foundry workers, and MEK was detected in the blood of only one worker at 1.4 micrograms per milliliter. The authors conclude that potential health hazards exist for asbestos, oil mist, and perchloroethylene exposures. They recommend improved ventilation, good personal and workplace hygiene practices, and proper chemical storage.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Electrical-industry; Region-5; Asbestos-fibers; Occupational-exposure; Oil-mists; Chlorinated-ethylenes; Foundry-workers; HETA-82-280-1407; Author Keywords: hydrochloric acid; sulfuric acid; nickel; chromium; chromium Vl; butyl cellosolve; ethylene glycol ethyl ether; di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; styrene; perchloroethylene; asbestos; methyl ethyl ketone; aluminum; iron; phosphorus; oil mist; pulmonary function
7429-90-5; 78-93-3; 1332-21-4; 127-18-4
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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