A NIOSH workshop concerning the development of a recommended standard for the manufacture and formulation of pesticides is reviewed. Although NIOSH has recommended standards for malathion (121755), parathion (56382), methyl-parathion (298000), and carbaryl (63252), there are more than 1,800 different chemical formulations used as pesticides. It is not feasible to prepare a specific standard for each pesticide. Alternatives to developing a specific standard for each chemical or formulation are considered. Possible alternatives include a general standard for all pesticides, standards for each class of pesticide based on molecular structure, or separate standards based on similarity of toxicity or potential hazard. Input on standard development from EPA, the Department of Agriculture, the National Cancer Institute, the Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Safety and Health, the Food and Drug Administration, the Canadian Government, Cornell University, labor unions, and various divisions of NIOSH is presented. These agencies agree that an overall comprehensive recommended pesticide standard should be developed. The majority of the participants consider medical monitoring to be the best method for assessing the efficacy of the standard.
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Rockville, Maryland, 56 pages