Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-302-1542, C.F. And I. Steel, Pueblo, Colorado.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-302-1542, 1984 Dec; :1-11
Breathing zone samples were analyzed for arsenic (7440382), lead (7439921), copper (7440508), chromium (7440473), and iron (7439896) fumes, and total particulates, sulfur-dioxide (7446095), nitrogen oxides, carbon-monoxide (630080), and ammonia (7664417), at CF and I Steel (SIC-3313), Pueblo, Colorado in June, 1984. The survey was requested by a company representative to evaluate exposure to carbon- monoxide, and iron and lead fume at the facility. The respirator program at the facility was reviewed. Air lead concentrations ranged from 5 to 60 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3), averaging 30microg/m3. The OSHA standard for lead is 50microg/m3. Concentrations of total particulates ranged from 2 to 40 milligrams (mg)/m3, averaging 10.7mg/m3. The OSHA standard for total particulates is 15.0mg/m3. The concentrations of the other substances were below the OSHA standards. The respiratory protection program was deficient in several areas. Many of the workers had excessive facial hair. Respirators were dirty and not properly maintained. Many workers were careless about wearing respirators. The author concludes that a health hazard from excessive exposure to lead and total particulates exists at the facility. Recommendations include initiating and enforcing a respirator program that complies with OSHA regulations, and performing annual industrial hygiene surveys.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Steelmaking-industry; Region-8; Heavy-metals; Metal-fumes; Protective-equipment; Air-purifying-respirators; HETA-84-302-1542;
Author Keywords: Electrometallurgical Products; Steel Mill; Electric Arc Furnace; Arsenic; Lead; Sulfur Dioxide; Total Particulate
7440-38-2; 7439-92-1; 7440-50-8; 7440-47-3; 7439-89-6; 7446-09-5; 630-08-0; 7664-41-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health