Population-based occupational cancer incidence surveillance. Utilization of the telephone interview.
Swanson-GM; Schwartz-AG; Brown-KL
J Occup Med 1985 Jun; 27(6):439-444
The effectiveness of the telephone interview as a method for collecting information for occupational cancer surveillance was evaluated. A 10 minute telephone interview method was developed to collect occupational histories, smoking histories, and other related data such as residential history, marital status, age, ethnic background, education, and gender. The study focused on cancers of the lung and bronchus, colon, esophagus, and urinary bladder newly diagnosed among persons between the ages of 40 and 84 years. No rapid reporting was performed; patients were identified as case information and appeared on the computer data base during a 4 month period. There was also an average 3 week lag between abstracting information from the patients and entry of the information into the data system. Patients, physicians, and relatives sometimes would not or could not supply information. Accurate, detailed responses were given to occupational questions, while information on smoking histories and educational status could not always be accurately supplied. Answers to race, sex, and marital status were usually accurate. For some of the cancers, more information was obtained from the relative than from the actual patient in several cases. The authors conclude that it is important to obtain information from the patient rather than substitute respondents and that rapid reporting is needed for identifying all study subjects.
JOCMA7; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Occupational-hazards; Carcinogenesis; Health-surveys; Sex-factors; Age-factors; Work-capacity; Case-studies; Racial-factors; Physiological-measurements; Clinical-diagnosis; Medical-research
Epdiemiology Michigan Cancer Foundation 110 East Warren Avenue Detroit, Mich 48201
Journal of Occupational Medicine
Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit, Michigan