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Recent advances in occupational cancer.
J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1984 May; 22(3):195-208
The etiology of occupational cancers is reviewed. Attention is focused on assay systems for predicting carcinogenesis and mutagenesis, on clinical recognition techniques for environmental and work related cancers, and on practical guidelines to interpret epidemiological studies. Methods of making risk assessments in formulating cancer policies are examined. While differences of opinion exist regarding the utility of various assay systems and the potential carcinogenesis of various substances, most scientists stress the need to improve current systems for data collection, analysis, and dissemination. Specific research goals are identified that include larger and more inclusive tumor registries, improved coding diseases in death certificates, follow up studies of occupational cohorts, and continuing education in occupational medicine for clinicians and health staff. Questions of clinical relevance concerning occupational and environmental cancers are examined. It is recognized that the explosion of scientific information on recognition, prevention, and control of cancer necessitates a high index of suspicion that occupational and environmental factors contribute to cancer.
Occupational-diseases; Carcinogens; Employee-exposure; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-medicine; Occupational-medicine; Analytical-methods; Information-retrieval-systems; Disease-incidence; Epidemiology
Issue of Publication
Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division