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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-196-1492, Goodyear Tire And Rubber Company, Gadsden, Alabama.
Williams TM; Hickey JL; Bishop CC
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-196-1492, 1984 Jul; :1-16
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for organic solvent vapors, and total and respirable dust at Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company (SIC-3011), Gadsden, Alabama, in August, 1983. The survey was requested by a union local due to a severe skin rash occurring among workers exposed to chemicals used in manufacturing tires, tubes, flaps, and bladders. Total airborne dust concentrations were 0.5 to 21.2 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3) in the banbury and milling areas and 0.16 to 1.8mg/m3 in the pigment blending areas. Respirable dust concentrations were 0.07 to and 5mg/m3, respectively. Twenty two organic solvents were detected; however, their concentrations were negligible. The authors note that some of the chemicals used in high volume at the facility, 2- mercaptobenzothiazole (149304), tetramethyl-thiuramidisulfide (137268), 1,3-diphenylguanidine (102067), and hexamethylenetetramine (100970) are known to cause dermatitis in sensitized persons. They suggest that skin contact with these chemicals could result from contact with airborne dust. The potential for exposure to organic vapors is low. Recommendations include expanding the training and education of workers on the effects of chemicals, good personal hygiene practices, and reduction and monitoring of dust exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Tire-manufacturing-industry; Occupational-exposure; Region-4; Occupational-dermatitis; Skin-irritants; Industrial-dusts; HETA-83-196-1492; Author Keywords: Tires and Inner Tubes; Dermatitis
149-30-4; 137-26-8; 102-06-7; 100-97-0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division