Audio-Vestibular Derangements. Part I. National Plan For The Safety And Health Of Divers In Their Quest For Subsea Energy.
Farmer-JC; Kennedy-RS; McCormick-JG; Money-K
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio 1975 Sep:27 pages
The auditory and vestibular problems associated with divers are reviewed. A brief historical account on the hearing loss and severe vertigo experienced by divers are described. Recent advent of more frequent and deeper exposures under water have significantly increased these problems. Auditory and vestibular problems in divers have appeared in pressure chambers and open sea dives when exposed to various gas mixtures and depths. The normal functioning of auditory and vestibular systems are outlined. Numerous auditory and vestibular dysfunctions are described in detail. The problems and priorities in auditory and vestibular diving research are examined. A number of research studies using animals is suggested. These studies should examine the effects of increased pressures and different gas mixtures on middle ear function, the pathophysiology of decompression of the labyrinth, and histopathological studies of temporal bones and central vestibular structures. Such studies may facilitate a greater and better understanding of the problems in humans.
NIOSH-Contract; Occupational-medicine; Occupational-diseases; Hyperbaric-environment; Diving; Biological-effects; Animal-studies; Medical-research; Quantitative-analysis; Physiology; Contract-210-75-0078;
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio