Industrial hygiene characterization and aerobiology of resource recovery systems, final report.
Mansdorf-SZ; Golembiewski-MA; Fletcher-MW
NIOSH 1982 Jun:1-396
An indepth survey of resource recovery facilities was conducted. Seven facilities were investigated: four facilities that produced a refuse derived fuel for offsite use, two incineration facilities (SIC-4953), and one production facility that had onsite combustion. Area and personal sampling for particulates, organic contaminants, trace metals, microorganisms, and noise were conducted. Engineering controls were inspected. Health and safety programs were reviewed. Nuisance dust and noise were the only excessive exposures observed. Some total dust concentrations as high as 15 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3) were measured. The NIOSH standard for total dust is 10mg/m3. All facilities had areas with noise exposures above 90 A- weighted decibels (dBA). The OSHA standard is 90dBA. Local exhaust ventilation was the most commonly used engineering control. Many of these systems were poorly maintained. Noise control technology use was very limited. Medical monitoring programs varied from site to site. No audiometric or spirometric monitoring was conducted. Many employees did not wear personal protective equipment, even though it was available. The authors conclude that there is no need to develop a criteria document for the industry. Recommendations include providing respiratory protection for workers in dusty areas and establishing hearing conservation programs.
NIOSH-Contract; Air-purifiers; Air-quality; Organic-dusts; Organic-chemicals; Trace-metals; Auditory-feedback; Audiofrequency; Audiological-testing; Equipment-reliability; Contract-210-79-0013
Final Contract Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health