Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-099-1514, C.F. And I. Steel, Pueblo, Colorado.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-099-1514, 1984 Oct; :1-12
Breathing zone samples were analyzed for lead (7439921) and zinc (7440666) at CF and I Steel (SIC-3312), Pueblo, Colorado in March, 1984. The survey was requested by a local of the United Steel Workers to evaluate lead exposures in the galvanizing department. Twenty six workers in the galvanizing department were interviewed. Blood samples were analyzed for lead and free erythrocyte protoporphyrin (FEP). Nine of 27 lead samples exceeded the OSHA standard of 50 micrograms per cubic meter (mg/m3), the concentrations ranging from less than 3 to 190mg/m3. All zinc concentrations were below the OSHA standard, 5000mg/m3. Seventeen workers had normal blood lead and FEP concentrations. Four had elevated lead and FEP concentrations and two had elevated lead but normal FEP concentrations. Four had normal lead but elevated FEP concentrations. Smokers had statistically significantly higher blood lead concentrations than nonsmokers. Nine workers had a history of high blood pressure. This was considered to be age related. The authors conclude that a health hazard from lead exposure exists at the facility. Recommendations include not eating, drinking, or smoking on the job, washing hands before eating and smoking, and showering after each workshift.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Steel-industry; Region-8; Steelmaking-industry; Lead-absorption; Blood-analysis; Lead-dusts; HETA-84-099-1514;
Author Keywords: Steel Works, Blast Furnaces [Including Coke Ovens] and Rolling Mills [coke ovens]; Lead; Zinc; Blood Lead; FEP
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health