Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-230-1528, Rubbermaid Incorporated, Wooster, Ohio.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-230-1528, 1984 Nov; :1-18
Breathing zone samples were analyzed for cadmium (7440439), lead (7439921), total chromium (7440473), and respirable dust at Rubbermaid, Incorporated (SIC-3079), Wooster, Ohio in June, 1984. The survey was requested by the company management to evaluate cadmium exposures for workers handling pigments in the injection molding department. The study was a followup to an earlier NIOSH survey, at which time the company had started reformulating pigments to reduce their cadmium content. Lead and total chromium concentrations were below the limits of detection. Cadmium concentrations ranged from below the detection limit to 0.02 milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3). The NIOSH recommended standard for cadmium is 0.04mg/m3. Respirable dust concentrations were less than 0.11mg/m3. The OSHA standard for respirable dust is 5mg/m3. The author concludes that a health hazard due to cadmium exposure in the injection department does not exist. He recommends keeping cadmium containing pigments in closed containers and prohibiting storage, handling, and consumption of food in cadmium work areas.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Plastics-industry; Region-5; Dusts; Respiration; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protection; HETA-84-230-1528;
Author Keywords: Injection Molding; Pigments; Cadmium; Cadmium Sulfoselenide; Granular Polyethylene
7440-43-9; 7439-92-1; 7440-47-3; 12626-36-7; 9002-88-4
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health