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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-228-1447, Coca Cola Company, Hightstown, New Jersey.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-228-1447, 1984 Apr; :1-29
Area and breathing zone samples were analyzed for dimethylethanolamine (108010) (DMEA) at the Coca Cola Company (SIC- 2086), Hightstown, New Jersey, in March 1983. The evaluation request was made by the Teamsters Union to determine if a respiratory hazard existed due to a water based epoxy spray used to line the inside of beverage cans. The epoxy spray contained DMEA, which causes asthma. Previously obtained data on butanol (71363) and butyl cellosolve (111762) were reviewed. Fourteen employees who worked in the spray liner area were interviewed and given pulmonary function tests. Immunochemistry studies were performed. DMEA was detected in only one area sample at a concentration of 1.08 parts per million. Butanol and butyl cellosolve concentrations were below OSHA standards. Thirteen of 14 exposed workers reported symptoms of respiratory irritation. Five had abnormal baseline pulmonary function. Three workers had significant antibody concentrations. The authors conclude that there is a health hazard from exposure to a water based epoxy spray containing DMEA at the facility. DMEA may cause lung sensitization. Recommendations include enclosing the spray nozzle more completely, use of respirators when in contact with the spray liners, and medical monitoring of can assembly workers.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Food-processing-industry; Region-2; Breathing-zone; Epoxy-compounds; Spraying-equipment; Respiratory-irritants; Organic-solvents; HETA-82-228-1447; Author Keywords: Bottled and Canned Soft Drinks and Carbonated Waters; Asthma; Dimethylethanolamine; Butanol; Butyl Cellosolve; Epoxy; RAST Testing
108-01-0; 71-36-3; 111-76-2
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division