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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-044-1441, Rhinehart Tire Farm, Winchester, Virginia.
Moseley-CL; Lee-SA; Hills-B
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-044-1441, 1984 Mar; :1-19
An evaluation of site safety and exposure to potentially hazardous substances at a fire at Rhinehart Tire Farm (SIC-9999) in Winchester, Virginia, was conducted in November 1983. The evaluation request was made by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Area and personal samples were collected in the smoke plume and tire residues and analyzed for carbon-monoxide (630080), polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), metals, aromatic organic solvents, and nitrosamines. Carbon-monoxide concentrations were 50 to 100 parts per million (ppm). The OSHA standard for carbon- monoxide is 50ppm. Total PAH exposures were 58 to 6802 nanograms per cubic meter. The OSHA standard for PAHs is 200 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3). All metal concentrations were below 2microg/m3 except lead (7439921), zinc (7440666), and iron (7439896) which were 11, 122, and 14microg/m3, respectively. Lead, iron, zinc, and other metal concentrations were below the relevant Federal standards. No nitrosamines were found in smoke or residue samples. Organic compounds found in the residues included benzene (71432), concentrations ranging up to 0.6microg/m3, and PAHs. The NIOSH standard for benzene is considered the lowest feasible concentration. The authors conclude that there is no acute health hazard from airborne contaminants during containment and clean up operations at the tire farm. Recommendations include prevention of dermal contact with the residue and continued air monitoring of the site.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-84-044-1441; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Rubber-manufacturing-industry; Region-3; Petroleum-products; Combustion-products; Personal-protective-equipment; Polynuclear-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Metals; Author Keywords: Non Classifiable Establishments; PAHs; Personal Protective Equipment; Carbon Monoxide; Petroleum Combustion Products
630-08-0; 7439-92-1; 7440-66-6; 7439-89-6; 71-43-2
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division