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Mortality Among Workers Exposed To Cutting Fluids And Abrasives, Bearing Plant I.

Park R; Silverstein M; Maizlish N; Mirer F
NIOSH 1984 Sep:72 pages
A survey of mortality among United Automobile Union workers exposed to cutting fluids and abrasives was conducted. The cohort consisted of all hourly employees with 10 or more years of service who died from January 1, 1969 to July 31, 1982. A total of 702 death certificates and job histories of 768 employees were reviewed. Data was obtained from company and union records. Standardized proportional mortality ratios (PMR) were computed. Significant excesses of mortality from rectal cancer (PMR at 3.04), stomach cancer (PMR at 1.98), and stroke (PMR at 1.35) were found. A 25 percent elevation in mortality for lung cancer (PMR at 1.25) occurred among white males. Among females employed as grinders, the PMR for lung cancer was 2.8. A statistically significant correlation between stomach cancer and grinding exposure occurred. The grinding exposures consisted primarily of aerosols from soluble oil and oil based metal working fluids. The authors note that the pattern of stomach cancer suggests a correlation with water based cutting fluids. Possible correlations between lung cancer in males with forge and heat treatment exposures and females with grinding exposure are suggested. Further investigations are recommended to confirm these correlations.
NIOSH-Contract; Mortality-rates; Epidemiology; Health-survey; Industrial-medicine; Occupational-diseases; Carcinogens; Automotive-industry; Cutting-oils; Intestinal-cancer; Stomach-cancer; Contract-210-81-5104;
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NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division