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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-227-1466, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-227-1466, 1984 May; :1-10
An outbreak of nasal and rectal bleeding among painters at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (SIC-3731) in Bremerton, Washington was investigated on July 18 and August 23, 1983. The evaluation was requested by the National Trades Council of Bremerton, Washington on behalf of seven affected painters. It was thought that the bleeding might be due to exposure to 2-ethoxyethanol (110805), a solvent used in some paints at the shipyard. The shipyard physician was interviewed, medical records of the affected painters were reviewed, and five of the painters were questioned about symptoms. Three painters suffered rectal bleeding, two suffered nasal bleeding, and three reported episodes of both nasal and rectal bleeding. Hemorrhoids were found to be the most probable cause of rectal bleeding in three of the four painters examined. Several painters reported that their gloves and coveralls often became saturated with paint, thus allowing for the possibility of skin absorption. The authors conclude that the bleeding episodes probably were not due to 2-ethoxyethanol exposure since reported symptoms are not among the known toxic effects of the chemical. They suggest that all exposures to 2-ethoxyethanol be controlled because the chemical can cause adverse reproductive effects, and that the painters see a physician if bleeding episodes recur.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Shipbuilding-industry; Region-10; Skin-absorption; Personal-protective-equipment; Respiratory-irritants; Clinical-symptoms; Organic-solvents; HETA-83-227-1466; Author Keywords: Ship Building and Repairing; 2-Ethoxyethanol; 2EE; Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether; EGM; Ethyl Cellosolve; Cellosolve
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division