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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-361-1463, Amfac Garden Perry's, Carpenteria, California.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-361-1463, 1984 May; :1-11
Worker exposures to pesticides, particularly methyl-parathion (298000), were surveyed on August 1, September 15, and October 6 and 7, 1983 at a California nursery (SIC-0181). The evaluation was requested by a representative of the United Farm Workers Union on behalf of about 75 workers. Environmental air samples were collected and analyzed for methyl-parathion. Workers were questioned about health symptoms, and several were examined for signs of dermatitis. Work practices and use of personal protective equipment were also evaluated. No methyl-parathion was found in any of the air samples. No shower facilities were provided for emergency situations, and there was no formal respirator program. When respirators were used, they were often used incorrectly, and no cartridge replacement criteria had been established. None of the workers had acute or chronic symptoms of systemic pesticide poisoning, but many had moderate to severe irritant dermatitis associated with prolonged exposure to soil that was damp and contained low concentrations of pesticides or hydrocarbons. The authors conclude that no methyl-parathion hazard exists to the employees. They recommend implementation of a formal respirator program, use of approved respirator cartridges and face shields, provision of shower facilities, use of a chemical dye to indicate sprayed areas, posting of weekly pesticide application schedules, and worker education on pesticide use and handling.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Agricultural-industry; Region-9; Exposure-levels; Pesticides; Work-practices; Air-samples; Chemical-cartridge-respirators; Emergency-equipment; HETA-83-361-1463; Author Keywords: Ornamental Floriculture and Nursery Products; pesticides; Penncap M; methyl parathion; organophosphates; dermatitis; applicators
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division