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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-80-009-1383, Inland Steel Corporation, East Chicago, Indiana (revised 06/1984).

McQuilkin SD; Schloemer JR; Daniels WJ; Singal M
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 80-009-1383, 1984 Jun; :1-24
Worker exposures to benzene (71432), toluene (108883), and xylene (1330207) were surveyed on June 25 to 27 and July 14 to 17, 1980 at the Inland Steel Corporation Coke facility (SIC-3312) in East Chicago, Indiana. The evaluation was requested by an authorized employee representative on behalf of 32 byproduct area workers and 9 laboratory workers. Personal breathing zone samples were collected, health questionnaires were administered, and workers were given blood and urine tests. One 8 hour benzene sample exceeded the OSHA limit of 10 parts per million (ppm) for a time weighted average. The concentrations of toluene and xylene were below respective OSHA limits of 200 and 100ppm for an 8 hour time weighted average. Workers reported symptoms of fatigue, eye irritation, headache, nausea, skin burns and dizziness. Elevated urine phenol concentrations were found in all byproduct area workers and three laboratory workers, and were related to airborne benzene concentrations. One worker had anemia and six had decreases in single red blood cell parameters. Abnormal liver function was detected in seven workers. The authors conclude that a benzene exposure hazard exists in the byproduct area of this facility. They recommend engineering controls to reduce fugitive emissions, periodic industrial hygiene surveys, use of personal protective equipment, and periodic tests for urinary phenol among workers exposed to benzene.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Steelmaking-industry; Region-5; Time-weighted-average-exposure; Air-sampling; Medical-monitoring; Breathing-zone; Toluenes; Clinical-symptoms; HETA-80-009-1383; Coke-oven-emissions; Industrial-exposures; Aromatic-hydrocarbons; Author Keywords: Blast Furnaces [Including Coke Ovens], Steel Works, and Rolling Mills; Coke Oven By-Products; Benzene; Toluene; Xylene
71-43-2; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7
Publication Date
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Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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NTIS Accession No.
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Identifying No.
HETA-80-009-1383 (revised 06/1984)
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division