The chronic effects of mechanical trauma to the skin: a review of the literature.
Am J Ind Med 1985 Oct; 8(4-5):281-288
Literature on the chronic effects of mechanical trauma to the skin is reviewed. There is very little information on the subject in the medical and experimental literature. Workers in a very broad range of job categories are prone to repeated mechanical trauma. Clinical descriptions of skin problems due to trauma are varied and often inexact. Generally, it is not possible to assess the physical and psychological consequences of the lesion. Only crude estimates of the costs in lost time and compensation due to mechanical trauma can be made. Compensation costs are estimated to be at least 14 to 17 million dollars per year. A relatively unsuccessful attempt has been made to estimate the extent of the problem from published surveys on the prevalence of skin diseases in the general population. Clinical reports of job related dermatological problems rarely address the potential effect of mechanical trauma, and if they do, the relevant terms almost never are included in bibliographic citations. The author concludes that repeated mechanical trauma contributes significantly to the development of skin infections and dermatitis in certain occupations. Reporting requirements are too imprecise to provide accurate information on job related mechanical trauma to the skin.
NIOSH-Author; Physiological-measurements; Analytical-models; Industrial-environment; Dermatosis; Physiology; Quantitative-analysis; Industrial-safety; Skin-exposure
American Journal of Industrial Medicine