Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-80-187-1395, Saft America, Incorporated, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Boiano JM; Lipscomb JA; Liss GM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 80-187-1395, 1983 Dec; :1-28
Worker exposures to cadmium (7440439) (Cd) and nickel (7440020) (Ni) dusts were investigated on November 17 to 19, 1981 at Saft America, Incorporated (SIC-3691), in Saint Paul, Minnesota. The evaluation was requested by employee members of Local 110, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, on behalf of about 225 production employees. Personal breathing zone air samples were collected for various operations, and data from the company's biological monitoring records was examined. Five of 42 samples exceeded the OSHA 8 hour time weighted average standard for Cd of 200 micrograms per cubic meter. Exposures were greatest for workers in the terminal departments and for coiling machine operators. None of the Ni samples exceeded the OSHA standard of 1000 micrograms per cubic meter; however, significant exposures occurred for workers in the sintering, terminal, coiling, and punch press areas. Values for blood Cd, urinary Cd, blood urea nitrogen, and urinary beta 2 microglobulin suggested significant Cd absorption and related kidney damage in workers with heavy Cd exposure. The authors conclude that a health hazard exists from exposures to Cd and Ni dusts. Several workers appeared to have early signs of Cd induced kidney disease. The authors recommend increased ventilation, use of respiratory protectors, improved work hygiene and housekeeping practices, and medical monitoring to identify early indicators of kidney damage.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Battery-manufacturing-industry; Region-5; Heavy-metal-poisoning; Metal-fumes; Renal-toxicity; HETA-80-187-1395;
Author Keywords: Storage Batteries; nickel; cadmium; NiCadR batteries; blood cadmium; urinary cadmium; kidney function; BUN; beta-2-microglobulin; serum creatinine
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health