Companies manufacturing vinyl-acetate (108054) (VA), vinyl-bromide (593602) (VBr), and vinylidene-chloride (75354) (VC) are identified and processes used in their manufacture are reviewed. The physical properties of each of these compounds are described. Amounts of annual production and methods of production are discussed. The uses of VA in the production of homopolymers and copolymers are discussed. Polyvinyl-acetate (9003207) (PVA) production is divided into three categories: merchant producers of PVA, paint producers who produce PVA, and producers for captive compounding. The names and locations of facilities producing VA, VBr, and VC are provided and facility capacity is estimated. The uses of VBr and VC are also considered. The standard industrial classifications for workers exposed to VA, VBr, and VC are listed. Most would be classified as chemical and allied products workers. Appended are references used in compiling the information, a proposed list of contacts at companies involved, and a list of national trade and professional associations and labor unions whose workers are involved in VA, VBr, or VC production.
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare