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Investigation of potential hazards in the Rhode Island jewelry industry.

Authors
Jones JH; Slovin DL
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IWS 128-40, 1983 Apr; :1-30
NIOSHTIC No.
00135153
Abstract
A preliminary survey was conducted to evaluate incidence and severity of occupationally related diseases among workers in the costume jewelry industry (SIC-3911, SIC-3915) in Rhode Island. Casting, soldering, and electroplating processes were investigated in 15 facilities by walk through surveys, employee interviews, and detailed studies involving environmental and biological monitoring during January, June, and December 1980. Employee interviews did not reveal any patterns of acute or chronic illness among any group of employees except for dermatitis in electroplaters which was attributed to exposure to nickel (7440020). There were no respiratory complaints. Some cases of excessive exposure to silica (14808607) and to lead (7439921) in casting and to cadmium (7440439) in silver solder operations were found. Two workers had elevated urine cadmium concentrations. Workers often did not know what compound they were working with and were not aware of potential toxicities. Other deficiencies in safety and health practices included inadequate use of personal protective equipment, lack of emergency shower and eye wash facilities, smoking in work areas, and lack of required physical examinations. The authors conclude that most exposures in the costume jewelry industry are to well recognized hazards that could be reduced by engineering controls, personal protective equipment, and education programs.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-study; Metalworking; Medical-surveys; Metallic-poisoning; Safety-education; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-education; IWS-128-40; Region-1
CAS No.
7440-02-0; 14808-60-7; 7439-92-1; 7440-43-9
Publication Date
19830429
Document Type
Field Studies; Industry Wide
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-245613
Identifying No.
IWS-128-40
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3911; 3915
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
RI; OH
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division