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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-223-1340, Rubbermaid Incorporated, Wooster, Ohio.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-223-1340, 1983 Jul; :1-33
Personal exposure samples and area sampling were conducted for cadmium (7440439), lead (7439921), and chromium (7440473) in the plastics area, formaldehyde (50000) and hydrogen-chloride (7647010) in the wire line area, and ethyl-acetate (141786) and ethyl-alcohol (64175) in the extrusion area of Rubbermaid, Incorporated (SIC-3079) in Wooster, Ohio, on May 19, 1982. The survey was requested by a representative of Local 302 of the United Rubber Workers and by company management on behalf of 1820 employees, 59 percent of whom were production workers. The union was concerned about possible exposures to raw materials and thermal decomposition products in the wire line process and in the adjacent printing area. No specific substance was identified that could be considered responsible for any physical symptoms. Odors associated with the processes were noted in the work areas, but no overexposures were found. Color changers were exposed to cadmium in concentrations that exceeded the NIOSH standard of 0.02 milligrams per cubic meter, and efforts were undertaken by the company to reduce exposures. The authors recommend enclosure of vats, access to drinking water, and comfort ventilation in the wire line area. Closed vats, vacuuming or wet mopping, respirators with high efficiency cartridges, changes of work clothes, and periodic medical examinations are recommended, especially for color changers.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Plastics-industry; Hazards-Confirmed; Region-5; Industrial-hygiene; Occupational-exposure; Author Keywords: thermal decomposition products; polyvinyl chloride; organosol; wire dipping; solvents; injection molding; pigments; cadmium; benzene; formaldehyde; vinyl chloride
7440-43-9; 7439-92-1; 7440-47-3; 50-00-0; 7647-01-0; 141-78-6; 64-17-5
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division