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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-377-1376, D and F Corporation, Warren, Michigan.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-377-1376, 1983 Sep; :1-17
Worker complaints of skin rashes and eye irritation were investigated on February 16 and 17, and April 27 and 28, 1983 at D and F Corporation in Warren, Michigan. The evaluation was requested by an employee representative on behalf of 95 production workers concerned about possible hazardous exposures. Personal and area air samples were collected for analysis of wood dust, phenol (108952), formaldehyde (50000), epoxy resins, hardeners, and welding fumes. Medical interviews were conducted with 30 employees. Total wood dust concentrations ranged from 0.37 to 4.0 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), compared to the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists standard of 1mg/m3. Some workers did use respirators. Formaldehyde was detected in trace concentrations up to 0.18 parts per million (ppm), compared to the OSHA standard of 3ppm. Concentrations of all other chemicals were within acceptable exposure limits. Occasional episodes of dermatitis were reported by five of the workers, and isolated complaints occurred for skin and mucous membrane irritation, headaches, and excessive noise. The authors conclude that the workers are exposed to excessive amounts of wood dust. They recommend engineering controls, use of personal protective equipment, and improved work practices, housekeeping procedures, and personal hygiene habits to reduce the dust exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Allergic-disorders; Safety-research; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-exposures; Health-hazards; Environmental-exposure; Air-quality-control; HETA-82-377-1376; Region-5; Author Keywords: Manufacturing Industries, Not Elsewhere Classified; Wood Model Making; Hardwood Dust; Impreg; Formaldehyde; Phenol; Mold Building; Epoxy Resin
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division