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Review, Summarization, And Evaluation Of Literature To Support The Update And Revision Of Criteria Documents. VII. Cotton Dust.
NIOSH 1977 Mar:42 pages
Literature on the hazards of cotton dust is reviewed. The best use of sampling techniques for measuring dust is outlined, and the best measuring devices are compared. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry are recommended for analyzing the biological activities of dust from different parts of the factory. Some biochemicals associated with cotton dust are listed, including those with histamine stimulating properties. Factors resulting in byssinosis, bronchitis, and other diseases are documented, along with their physiological profiles. Protective drugs for workers on the mill floor are suggested, and their physiologic pathways are speculated on. The possibility that byssinosis might stimulate an immunological response against cancer is discussed. Means to control the concentration of dust are compared. Animal studies comparing concentrations of cotton dust on guinea-pigs are cited. Devices for worker protection, such as respirators, are mentioned. The author suggests a continued need for epidemiological monitoring and isolation of the causative agent of byssinosis.
NIOSH-Contract; Biological-effects; Dust-exposure; Disease-incidence; Biological-factors; Health-hazards; Dust-analysis; Contract-210-76-0167;
NIOSH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division