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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-285-1339, Plastifax Company Explosion Site, Gulfport, Mississippi.

Authors
Aw-T-C; Roper-P; Fox-S
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-285-1339, 1983 Jul; :1-19
NIOSHTIC No.
00133722
Abstract
A medical and epidemiological survey was conducted among persons who were in the vicinity of an explosion and fire at the Plastifax Company (SIC-2899) in Gulfport, Mississippi on June 2, 1982. The explosion occurred during the nitration of 2-ethyl-hexanol (104767) to 2-ethyl-hexyl-nitrate (27247967). Three workers were killed and nine others injured. Various chemicals were released into the environment. Questionnaires were given to 44 rescue workers, 25 workers in adjacent factories, and 47 residents of a nearby trailer park. Twenty of the rescue workers reported using respiratory protection. No significant difference in hospitalization rates was seen in the rescue workers using respiratory protection and those that did not. Fifteen of the rescue workers without respiratory protection reported cough, headache, and eye irritation symptoms that lasted more than 1 day. Twelve of the workers in the adjacent factories and 25 of the trailer park residents reported symptoms that included eye irritation, sore throat, and cough. It was noted that the respiratory equipment of some of the rescue workers ran out of air. The authors recommend that an adequate supply of fresh air be provided to rescue workers, and better supervision of potentially explosive chemical processes be maintained.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-4; Exposure-levels; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Epidemiology; Respiratory-system-disorders; HETA-82-285-1339; Author Keywords: Miscellaneous Chemical Products; 2-Ethyl Hexyl Nitrate; Explosions; Chemical Emergency Response; Nitration Reactions
CAS No.
104-76-7; 27247-96-7
Publication Date
19830701
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-100899
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-82-285-1339
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2899
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MS; OH
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