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Screening of Priority Chemicals for Reproductive Hazards.
Piccirillo-VJ; McCall-DL; Lunchick-C; Plankenhorn-LJ; Sexsmith-C
NIOSH 1983 Jan:108 pages
The reproductive toxicity of nine chemicals was evaluated. Pregnant CD-1-mice were treated daily by gavage on days 7 to 14 of gestation with one of the following chemicals: 3.5 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) of sodium-selenite (10102188), 100mg/kg of ethylene-thiourea (96457), 500mg/kg of 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol (112345) (2-BEE), 2955mg/kg of ethylene-glycol-diethyl-ether (629141) (EGDE), 5500mg/kg of diethylene-glycol-monoethyl-ether (111900) (DGME), 11270mg/kg of triethylene-glycol (112276) (TEG), 560mg/kg of aniline (62533), 1200mg/kg of p-nitroaniline (100016), or 365mg/kg of N,N- dimethyl-aniline (121697) (DMA). Maternal body weights, mortality and toxic symptoms were recorded. Litter size, litter weight, pup weight, and offspring viability were determined. Dams and pups were killed on day 4 postpartum for autopsy. No adverse effects were found for sodium-selenite, ethylene-thiourea, 2-BEE, TGE, or DMA. EGDE caused increased numbers of dead and resorbed litters, reduced pup weight, and reduced offspring viability. DGME was slightly toxic, but did not adversely affect reproductive outcome. Aniline significantly reduced offspring viability. With p-nitroaniline, maternal survival was reduced, maternal weight gain was decreased, the number of dead and resorbed litters was increased, and offspring viability was reduced.
NIOSH-Contract; Hazardous-materials; Reproductive-effects; Animal-studies; Comparative-toxicology; Toxicopathology; Pathomorphology; Medical-research; Mortality-data; Toxicology; Contract-210-81-6010;
10102-18-8; 96-45-7; 112-34-5; 629-14-1; 111-90-0; 112-27-6; 62-53-3; 100-01-6; 121-69-7;
NTIS Accession No.
Experimental Toxicology Branch, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, PB83-257-600
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division