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Control Technology Assessment for Coal Gasification and Liquefaction Processes, Synthane Pilot Plant, Bruceton, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, ECTB 119-14a, 1980 Mar; :1-21
A survey was conducted at the Synthane Pilot Facility (SIC-5161) in Bruceton, Pennsylvania on April 5, 1979. The operation of the facility was discontinued in 1978; however, it was included in the study of control technology because certain aspects of the process were important to development of coal gasification technology and because of relevant process modifications. The facility had maintained a high pressure, deep injection, fluidized bed gasification process designed to convert bituminous and subbituminous coals and lignite to pipeline quality substitute natural gas. Major hazards of the process were carbon-monoxide (630080) and hydrogen-sulfide (7783064). Nickel-carbonyl (13463393) formation in the methanation unit was also a hazard. A safety supervisor was responsible for the work environment. Safety policies and standards were set by a safety committee. Inspections and accident reporting and investigations were stressed. A full time nurse and a part time doctor were available. Preemployment, annual, and termination physical examinations were given to all employees. The author concludes that because the facility was not in operation, a thorough assessment was not possible. They recommend surge tankage increase to prevent process upset, installation of remote control shutoff valves, and completion of design work to reduce material sifting through baghouse bags.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; NIOSH-Contract; Control-technology; Coal-gasification; Field-Study; Occupational-hazards; Health-programs; Skin-irritants; Explosive-gases; Corrosive-materials; Fuel-production; Region-3
630-08-0; 7783-06-4; 13463-39-3
Field Studies; Control Technology
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
PA; OH; MD
Enviro Control, Rockville, Maryland
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division