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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-421-1251, Great Lakes Carbon Corporation, Port Arthur, Texas.
Lipscomb J; Lee S
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-421-1251, 1983 Aug; :1-28
Environmental samples were analyzed for calcined petroleum coke dust, crystalline silica (14808607), sulfates, sulfites, and polynuclear aromatics at Great Lakes Carbon Corporation (SIC-2999), Port Arthur, Texas in January 1982. The survey was requested by the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union Local 4/23 on behalf of 165 employees because of reported cases of anthracosis and anthrasilicosis. Air samples were examined for total and respirable particulates, crystalline silica, sulfates, sulfites and polynuclear aromatics. Bulk samples of calcined petroleum coke were analyzed for polynuclear aromatic content. Respiratory examinations were performed. Total particulates ranged from 1.2 to 6.1 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3). Respirable particulates ranged from 0.17 to crystalline silica, sulfates, or sulfites were detected. Concentrations of polynuclear aromatics ranged from 0.10 to 36 micrograms/m3. Ten percent of the workers had abnormal pulmonary function test results. Abnormal tests were associated with work in the mobile equipment department. X-rays revealed no job related abnormalities. The authors conclude that a hazard from overexposure to petroleum coke dusts containing polynuclear aromatics exists. More effective methods of dust control are recommended.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazard-Confirmed; Worker-health; Dust-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Employee-exposure; Region-6; HETA-81-421-1251; Author Keywords: Products of Petroleum and Coal - Calcined Petroleum Coke; Petroleum Coke Dust; Polynuclear Aromatics; PNAs; Benzene-Soluble Fraction; Pulmonary Function; Pneumoconiosis; Chronic Bronchitis; Proportional Mortality Ratio
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: December 28, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division