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Control technology assessment for coal gasification and liquefaction processes, Solvent Refined Coal Pilot Plant, Ft. Lewis, Washington.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, ECTB 119-12a, 1981 Dec; :1-91
NIOSHTIC No.
00133308
Abstract
A survey was conducted to study control technology for prevention of exposure to hazardous agents in coal conversion facilities at the Solvent Refined Coal Pilot Facility (SIC-5161), Fort Lewis, Washington on February 5, 1979. Of 184 workers employed, 133 had potential exposure to process contaminants. Area and personal monitoring was used to identify the hazards. Employee education and training programs were maintained to promote safety and industrial hygiene. A continuing health program was also maintained. Preemployment and annual physicals were provided. Potential hazards were from polynuclear aromatics (PNA), hydrogen-sulfide (7783064), and carbon-monoxide (630080). Maintenance personnel were exposed to high concentrations of potentially toxic chemicals. Sampling was difficult because of high pressures and high temperatures. Clean clothes and showers were provided to prevent PNA exposure. Protective clothing was used for exceptionally dirty jobs or when added protection was needed. The author recommends catch basins with cleanouts in all areas. Greater emphasis on housekeeping and better provisions for cleaning pump areas are needed. A central electrical control area is recommended. Establishment of procedures for changes between shifts and a program for personal protective equipment are recommended.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; NIOSH-Contract; Control-technology; Field-Study; Coal-gasification; Fuel-production; Safety-practices; Health-programs; Safety-equipment; Occupational-hazards; Industrial-hazards
CAS No.
7783-06-4; 630-08-0
Publication Date
19811201
Document Type
Field Studies; Control Technology
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-182013
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
ECTB-119-12a; Contract-210-78-0084
NIOSH Division
DPSE
Priority Area
Control-technology
SIC Code
5161
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
WA; OH; MD
Performing Organization
Enviro Control, Rockville, Maryland
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