Control technology assessment for coal gasification and liquefaction processes, Solvent Refined Coal Pilot Plant, Ft. Lewis, Washington.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, ECTB 119-12a, 1981 Dec; :1-91
A survey was conducted to study control technology for prevention of exposure to hazardous agents in coal conversion facilities at the Solvent Refined Coal Pilot Facility (SIC-5161), Fort Lewis, Washington on February 5, 1979. Of 184 workers employed, 133 had potential exposure to process contaminants. Area and personal monitoring was used to identify the hazards. Employee education and training programs were maintained to promote safety and industrial hygiene. A continuing health program was also maintained. Preemployment and annual physicals were provided. Potential hazards were from polynuclear aromatics (PNA), hydrogen-sulfide (7783064), and carbon-monoxide (630080). Maintenance personnel were exposed to high concentrations of potentially toxic chemicals. Sampling was difficult because of high pressures and high temperatures. Clean clothes and showers were provided to prevent PNA exposure. Protective clothing was used for exceptionally dirty jobs or when added protection was needed. The author recommends catch basins with cleanouts in all areas. Greater emphasis on housekeeping and better provisions for cleaning pump areas are needed. A central electrical control area is recommended. Establishment of procedures for changes between shifts and a program for personal protective equipment are recommended.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; NIOSH-Contract; Control-technology; Field-Study; Coal-gasification; Fuel-production; Safety-practices; Health-programs; Safety-equipment; Occupational-hazards; Industrial-hazards
Field Studies; Control Technology
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Enviro Control, Rockville, Maryland