Interaction between smoking and occupational exposures.
French JG; Stien HP; McKay WJ; Albright BE; Casey GE; Howarth CI
Interaction between smoking and occupational exposures is discussed. Ways in which smoking can compound occupational exposures are considered. The ability of tobacco products to serve as vectors by becoming contaminated and toxic agents is discussed. Polymer fume fever and its aggravation by smoking is reviewed. Chemical agents found in tobacco or the combustion of tobacco and chemicals found in the workplace are discussed. These include hydrogen-cyanide (74908), carbon-monoxide (630080), and methylene-chloride (75092). Synergistic effects between smoking and toxic substances found in the work environment are considered. Increased risk of lung cancer among asbestos workers who smoke is discussed. The additive effects of smoking and exposure to coal dust and cotton dust are reviewed. The observed higher accident rate for smokers is discussed. Possible interactions between smoking and exposure to cadmium (7440439), and chloromethyl-ether (542881) are noted. Trends in smoking habits and in morbidity and mortality rates in males and females and white collar and blue collar groups are examined.
NIOSH-Author; Toxicology; Physiological-response; Toxic-effects; Biological-effects; Exposure-levels; Smoke-inhalation; Biological-factors
74-90-8; 630-08-0; 75-09-2; 7440-43-9; 542-88-1
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, 50 pages, 84 references