Control technology assessment for coal gasification and liquefaction processes, Tennessee Valley Authority National Fertilizer Development Center, Ammonia Plant, Muscle Shoals, Alabama.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CT 119-27b, 1982 Apr; :1-14
A control technology survey was conducted at the ammonia synthesis facility operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority, National Fertilizer Development Center (SIC-2874), in Muscle Shoals, Alabama on September 1 and 2, 1981. The visit was made to identify processes or hazards similar to those found in coal conversion operations and to report control technologies that might be applicable to both types of operations. Potential hazards that were similar were the toxic, flammable, and explosive nature of the process streams, high operating temperatures and pressures, noise, and catalyst fires. The author concludes that there are few similarities between the ammonia synthesis operation and coal conversion operations. Both process flammable and toxic gases, but engineering controls from the ammonia industry have limited applicability because of the more harsh operating conditions and greater number of hazards in coal conversion. Equipment made brittle by exposure to hydrogen (1333740) is a hazard common to both industries, and the construction materials used in ammonia facilities may also be appropriate for coal conversion facilities. Materials resistant to wet carbon-dioxide (124389) corrosion may also be applicable. Reactor designs that permit catalyst replacement without entering the vessel may be transferable to coal conversion technology as well.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; NIOSH-Contract; Control-technology; Field-Study; Coal-gasification; Occupational-exposure; Explosive-gases; Dust-explosions; Noise-exposure; Corrosive-materials; Health-protection; Region-4
Field Studies; Control Technology
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Enviro Control, Rockville, Maryland