Occupational Characteristics of White Male Cancer Victims in Massachusetts, 1971-1973.
Dubrow R; Wegman DH
NIOSH 1982 Sep:190 pages
Cancer mortality patterns by occupation for Caucasian males in the state of Massachusetts were examined. Data was collected from the entire state death file for the years 1971 to 1973. All adult males whose underlying cause of death was coded as a malignant neoplasm or as cirrhosis of the liver were included. Occupational data was classified into 397 codes and 10 major occupational groupings. An age standardized, mortality odds ratio approach was used to examine cancer mortality patterns. Results confirmed the association between smoking and cancer of the trachea, bronchus, and lung. Truck and tractor drivers exhibited cancer excess over the entire respiratory system and upper alimentary tract. There was an excess of cancers of the stomach, large intestine, rectum, trachea, bronchus, lung, and bladder for machinists and workers in related occupations. There was a highly significant increase of cancers of the buccal cavity and pharynx among printers. Three of the occupational categories with an elevated excess of prostrate cancer had high exposures to cadmium (7440439). There was an excess of liver cirrhosis, beyond that accounted for by alcoholism, among laundry and dry cleaning workers.
Pathogenesis; Histology; Respiratory-system-disorders; Oncogenic-agents; Worker-health; Toxic-effects; Occupational-exposure; Mortality-data;
NTIS Accession No.
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Disease and Injury; Respiratory-system-disorders;
NIOSH, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, NTIS PB83-187-757, 190 pages, 74 references