HETA Report No. HETA-80-127-1337, The Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, Maryland. Report of a cross-sectional survey of video display terminal (VDT) users at the Baltimore Sun.
Smith-AB; Tanaka-S; Halperin-W; Richards-RD
NIOSH 1982 Sep; :1-33
A survey was conducted of video display terminal (VDT) users at the Baltimore Sun Newspaper (SIC-3651), Baltimore, Maryland. An evaluation request came from a representative of the Newspaper Guild, AFL/CIO, representing 283 of the 379 employees surveyed. Each participant answered a questionnaire and received a complete eye examination. The employees were complaining of eye problems such as blurred vision, headaches, backaches, neck pain, and incidences of cataracts. Assessment by factor analysis showed a positive association between: bothersome visual aspects of the VDT and headaches associated with work; changes in eye function; headache with eye irritation, runny nose, sweating, and blurred vision; and muscular pain and stiffness. Lighting characteristics were also associated with muscle pain and stiffness. Eye shifting during VDT operation caused superficial headaches that were unilateral at onset, but spread bilaterally. The authors conclude that the issue of cataracts associated with VDT use was not resolved by their study. Future emphasis should be placed on characteristics of workplace lighting and VDT visual characteristics. Adjustments are required in workplace and terminal design.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-80-127-1337; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Newspapers; Fluorescence-spectrometry; Questionnaires; Work-practices; Computer-equipment; Eye-strain; Visual-images; Equipment-design; Lighting-systems; Video display terminals; Cross sectional studies
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Report No. HETA-80-127-1337, 33 pages, 46 references