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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-166-1594, Witco Chemical Corporation, Perth Amboy, New Jersey.

Authors
Cummings CE; Roseman J
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-166-1594, 1985 May; :1-46
NIOSHTIC No.
00131536
Abstract
Area and personal air samples were analyzed for ethylene-oxide (75218), glycols, and adipic-acid (124049) at the Witco Chemical Corporation (SIC-2816), Perth Amboy, New Jersey from November to December, 1983 and May, 1984. The evaluation was requested by the union to investigate possible health effects due to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), glycols, and ethylene-oxide. The evaluation was assigned to the New Jersey State Department of Health. Medical examinations which included spirometry testing and serum PCB determinations were given to 52 workers. Medical and work histories were obtained. Ethylene-oxide exposures averaged 0.7 to 7.1 parts per million (ppm). The OSHA standard for ethylene-oxide is 1.0ppm. Glycol concentrations averaged less than 0.7ppm. Adipic-acid concentrations ranged from 0.47 to 0.79 milligram per cubic meter. There are no federal standards for glycols and adipic-acid. Mucosal irritation and bronchitis were reported by 56 and 27 percent of the workers, respectively. One second forced expiratory volumes were significantly reduced. Serum PCB concentrations were elevated, but within the normal range. They were weakly correlated with systolic blood pressure and liver enzyme activities. The authors conclude that health hazards due to ethylene-oxide and airborne fatty acid exposures exist. Recommendations include improving ventilation and work practices and implementing an OSHA approved respirator program.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Chemical-industry-workers; Region-2; Analytical-models; Exposure-limits; Temperature-measurement; Workers; HETA-83-166-1594; Author Keywords: Inorganic Pigments; Polyester Manufacture; Polychlorinated Biphenyls; Ethylene Oxide; Glycols; Stearates; Adipic Acid; Pulmonary Effects
CAS No.
75-21-8; 124-04-9
Publication Date
19850501
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
PB86-145638
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-83-166-1594
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2816
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
NJ; OH
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division