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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-234-1602, Black River Hardwood Co., Kingstree, South Carolina.
Salisbury S; Lybarger J
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-234-1602, 1985 Jun; :1-34
A health hazard evaluation was conducted at Black River Hardwood Company (SIC-2426), Kingstree, South Carolina in July, 1982. The evaluation was requested by the owner to investigate a possible excess of cancer among employees. There was concern that the company's water supply had been contaminated by agricultural chemicals buried in an adjacent lot in 1974. Environmental sampling data at the disposal site obtained by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) were reviewed. A retrospective mortality study of all individuals who worked at the facility from 1974 to 1982 was conducted. The DHEC data indicated that the buried chemicals had migrated and contaminated the surface soil near the disposal site; however, the company's water supply was not affected. Sixteen deaths occurred among 165 persons known to have worked at the facility since 1974. Five cancer deaths occurred, versus 4.928 expected. The cancer cases involved the stomach, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and head and neck. The authors conclude that a cancer hazard among the employees does not exist. They recommend continued monitoring of the company and community water supply and using bottled drinking water until a municipal water system is available.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Water-industry; Region-4; Analytical-models; Epidemiology; HETA-82-234-1602; Author Keywords: Hardwood Dimension and Flooring Mills; Hazardous Wastes; Cancer; Hardwood Mills
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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