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HHE determination report no. HHE-72-21-91, FMC Corporation, American Viscose Division, Nitro, West Virginia.
Rosensteel-RE; Shama-SK; Flesch-JP
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 72-21-91, 1973 Nov; :1-45
Health hazards due to hydrogen-sulfide (7783064) (H2S) and carbon- disulfide (75150) (CS2) were evaluated at FMC Corporation (SIC-2869) Nitro, West Virginia in June and December, 1972. Environmental samples of CS2 and H2S were obtained in the spinning and cutting areas. Fifteen H2S samples were collected with detector tubes. Thirty six CS2 samples were collected with a midget bubbler impinger and analyzed spectrophotometrically. Twenty five workers were interviewed and examined. H2S concentrations ranged from 0.72 to 1.25 parts per million (ppm) which was well below accepted standards; however, 12 CS2 samples were in excess of the 8 hour time weighted average of 20ppm, 7 were in excess of the maximum peak exposure limit of 100ppm, and 2 were in excess of 2000ppm. Medical evaluations indicated a majority of the workers were overexposed to CS2. The authors conclude that a serious health and safety hazard exists to all cuttermen, chargehands, and other workers in the immediate area. They recommend that respirators be furnished to all cuttermen. This should be a temporary control measure until proper engineering controls can be instituted.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Analytical-methods; Toxicology; Health-hazards; Air-sampling; Exposure-limits; Environmental-factors; Breathing-zone; HHE-72-21-91; Region-3; Author Keywords: carbon disulfide; CS2; hydrogen sulfide; H2S; rayon
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division