Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-77-82-463, FMC Corporation, Indianapolis, Indiana.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 77-82-463, 1978 Feb; :1-16
Health hazards were evaluated for airborne concentrations of oil mist, lead (7439921), antimony (7440360), fluorides, silver (7440224), cadmium (7440439), copper (7440508), and chlorine (7782505) at the FMC Corporation, Indianapolis, Indiana, in June and September 1977. The survey focused on 150 employees involved in the manufacture of bearings and housings for heavy equipment. The survey was requested by Local 1150 of the United Steel Workers of America. Several employers complained of dermatitis attributed to coolants and cutting oil. Personal and general area air samples were used to evaluate employee exposures. Skin dermatitis was observed in 8 of 16 screw machine operators interviewed. Conditions observed appeared to be characteristic of excessive direct skin contact with mineral oil (oil acne or folliculitis). Eye strain and headaches were reported by 13 of 16 persons from the same group and were allegedly due to inadequate lighting. Skin dermatitis that appeared to be characteristic of excessive skin contact with cutting oil or coolants was observed in 6 of 25 grinder operators. Occasional symptoms of throat dryness and nose irritation were also reported. Environmental sampling indicated that none of the samples exceeded current standards. The authors conclude that, on the basis of environmental sampling, employee exposure to airborne concentrations of oil mist, lead, antimony, fluorides, silver, cadmium, copper, and chlorine does not exceed recommended environmental criteria within the worksite areas.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; HHE-77-82-463; Region-5; Industrial-chemicals; Air-quality-measurement; Medical-surveys; Employee-exposure; Industrial-dermatoses; Equipment-operators; Work-environment; Skin-irritants; Exposure-levels;
Author Keywords: Silver Solder; Coolants; Cutting Oil; Lead; Bearings; Housings; Dermatitis
7439-92-1; 7440-36-0; 7440-22-4; 7440-43-9; 7440-50-8; 7782-50-5
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health