Paternal Exposure to Carbon Disulfide and Spouse's Pregnancy Experience.
Selevan-SG; Hornung-R; Fajen-J; Cottrill-C
NIOSH 1983 Jul:45 pages
The relationship between paternal exposure to carbon-disulfide (75150) (CS2) and pregnancy experience was investigated. A total of 236 workers in a viscose rayon facility (SIC-2823) were selected as the exposure group and 304 unexposed workers served as the comparison group. Data on pregnancies and general health and demographic characteristics were obtained from the wives of workers. CS2 exposure of the father prior to pregnancy was estimated using company employment and industrial hygiene records. Seventy three percent of the exposed workers were exposed to CS2 concentrations below the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists recommended a standard of 10 parts per million CS2, and 94 percent of the workers were exposed to less than the current OSHA standard of 20 parts per million. There was a deficit of fetal loss with increasing exposure immediately preceeding conception, but an increase with increasing time since first employment in the exposed areas. Only minimal differences were found between exposed workers and comparisons for numbers of live births. There were no significant differences for standardized fertility ratios. The authors conclude that CS2 exposure at the concentrations found in the facility do not have an effect on pregnancy experience.
NIOSH-Author; Worker-health; Industrial-ventilation; Epidemiology; Toxic-gases; Reproductive-effects; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers;
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control, Department of Health and Human Services, 45 pages, 41 references