Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Control technology assessment of petroleum refinery operations indepth site visit report, Congo Refinery, Newell, West Virginia, Farmer's Valley Refinery, Bradford, Pennsylvania.

Authors
Emmel TE; Lee BB; Simonson AV
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CT 102-14b, 1983 Mar; :1-66
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00130197
Abstract
Exposure control techniques were identified at a site visit to Quaker State's Congo and Farmer's Valley Refinery (SIC-2911) in September, 1982. The Congo refinery was newer and used a hydrogenation process to upgrade lube oil stocks, while the Farmer's Valley refinery used furfural (98011) extraction and clay filtering processes to upgrade lube oil stocks. Exposure controls studied were engineering controls, monitoring programs, personal protective equipment, and work practices. The use of hydrogenation eliminated exposures to furfural and respirable dusts. Employee exposures for routine operations were limited to fugitive leaks from process equipment and fugitive emissions during sample collection procedures. Possible exposures during sampling were well below recommended limits for hydrogen-sulfide (7783064), ammonia (7664417), hydrocarbons, and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. At the older site, full shift sampling for furfural and respirable dust showed concentrations well below recommended limits except for one area sample for furfural. The newer site was designed with open air construction and central control rooms. Open air construction provided large quantities of dilution air, while central control rooms isolated workers from potential exposures. Consequently, although both sites were below recommended exposure standards for methyl-ethyl-ketone (78933), toluene (108883), and benzene (71432), concentrations were substantially lower at the Congo Refinery.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; NIOSH-Contract; Field-Study; Work-practices; Chemical-processing; Chemical-industry-workers; Personal-protective-equipment; Industrial-ventilation; Industrial-exposures; Region-3; Time-weighted-average-exposure; Monitoring-systems
CAS No.
98-01-1; 7783-06-4; 7664-41-7; 78-93-3; 108-88-3; 71-43-2
Publication Date
19830301
Document Type
Field Studies; Control Technology
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-147008
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
CT-102-14b; Contract-210-81-7102
NIOSH Division
DPSE
SIC Code
2911
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH; UT
Performing Organization
Radian Corporation, Salt Lake City, Utah
TOP