Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-84-427-1613, Pikes Peak Dialysis Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 84-427-1613, 1985 Aug; :1-14
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for formaldehyde (50000) at the Pikes Peak Dialysis Center (SIC-8081), Colorado Springs, Colorado in August, 1984 and February, 1985. The evaluation was requested by a representative of the Center to determine if there was a health hazard due to formaldehyde. Eight employees were interviewed. The ventilation systems were investigated. Personal protective clothing was inspected. Breathing zone samples contained 0.28 to 1.0 milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3) formaldehyde. The OSHA standard for formaldehyde is 3.7mg/m3. Area formaldehyde concentrations ranged from nondetectable to 0.75mg/m3. Health complaints reported included sore throat, congestion, cough, and eye, nose and throat irritation. Most of the complaints originated from employees in the formalin mixing, reuse sterilization, and dialysis unit packing sections. The exhaust system in the reuse sterilization area was not working efficiently. A variety of personal protective clothing was available including lab coats, protective goggles, aprons, respirators, and gloves. The author concludes that a health hazard from formaldehyde exposure exists at the facility. Recommendations include improving local exhaust ventilation in areas where formaldehyde is used extensively, avoiding skin and eye contact with formaldehyde, and training and educating employees in safe work practices.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Health-care-facilities; Region-8; Air-sampling; Environmental-factors; Protective-clothing; Ventilation; HETA-84-427-1613;
Author Keywords: Health and Allied Services, Not Elsewhere Classified; Formaldehyde; Renal Dialysis Units; Reuse/Sterilization; Formalin Mixing; Dialysis Unit Cleaning Procedures
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health