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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-80-206-1164, Mid-South Terminals Corporation, Memphis, Tennessee.
Gorman R; Liss G
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 80-206-1164, 1982 Aug; :1-21
Effects of exposures from the coal-tar pitch and petroleum-pitch transfer operations at Mid South Terminals Corporation (SIC-4463), Memphis, Tennessee were evaluated. Survey was requested by Local 1671 of International Longshoremen's Association and was performed in August and October, 1981. Sixty workers were employed at the terminal. Personal and area breathing samples were measured and work practices and equipment were evaluated. All coal-tar-pitch benzene (65996932) soluble exposures approximated or exceeded the NIOSH 0.1 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3) criteria. The pitch operations generated respirable particles with a benzene soluble fraction ranging from 0.09 to 0.18mg/m3. Six polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons ranging from 0.02 to 0.07mg/m3 were identified in two respirable benzene soluble samples. Protective equipment was considered adequate; however, work practices were deficient. Skin and eye irritations were reported almost universally by workers. The authors conclude that working with the pitch without appropriate personal protective equipment is associated with a health hazard. Handling the pitch at night and using personal protective equipment has decreased the health risks, but acute health effects are still occurring. Recommendations are for dust control, minimum contact with pitch dust, protection against ultraviolet light, and medical monitoring.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Employee-exposure; Breathing-zone; Shipyards; Coal-products; Materials-transport; Region-4; Longshoremen; Dust-exposure; Irritants; Occupational-exposure; Skin-exposure; HETA-80-206-1164; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Marine Cargo Handling; coal tar pitch; petroleum pitch; benzene solubles; phototoxic; photosensitivity; phototoxicity; ultraviolet light; PNAs
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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