HHE Report, No. HETA-81-80-1146, Precision Plastics Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Roscoe-RJ; Dooley-DC; Waxweiler-RJ
NIOSH 1982 Jul:13 pages
Several cases of breast and uterine cancer among female mold operators using polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) (PVC) at the Precision Plastics Company (SIC-3079), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania were investigated. The study was requested by Local 837 of the Industrial Workers Union and was performed on June 3 and July 28 and 29, 1981. The company employs 36 workers including 31 production personnel. There were no detectable concentrations of vinyl- chloride (75014) monomer in the personal breathing zone of two mold operators. Concentrations of PVC dust were below the OSHA standard for nuisance dust. Examination of medical records and insurance claims located three cases of breast cancer and two cases of cervical cancer out of a sample of 125 hourly employees who worked 5 years or longer. These cases represented an incidence rate more than 3 fold in excess of expected numbers for breast cancer and 4 fold for cervical cancer for women who worked more than 5 years. These excess risks were not considered statistically significant. The authors conclude that present exposure concentrations are not in excess of standards. The cancer cases could not be demonstrably due to occupational exposure to PVC or vinyl-chloride. The authors recommend that future cases of cancer be monitored.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Plastics-industry; Employee-exposure; Worker-health; Air-quality-measurement; Reproductive-hazards; HETA-81-80-1146; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 13 pages, 9 references