Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-356-1183, Sherwin Williams Company, Coffeyville, Kansas.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-356-1183, 1982 Sep; :1-27
Excess kidney and prostate problems and hypertension at the Sherwin Williams Company (SIC-2816), Coffeyville, Kansas were investigated in August, 1981 and in February and April, 1982. The survey was requested by the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. In 1976, NIOSH had found an excess of hypertension and abnormal serum creatinine concentrations. Personal air samples collected in the oxide bagging operation greatly exceeded the OSHA recommended standards for barium (7440393) (standard of 0.5 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3)), lead (7439921) (standard of 50mg/m3 as an 8 hour time weighted average) and zinc (7440666) (standard of 5mg/m3). Comparative samples from the blending area showed 20 percent exceeding lead and zinc standards. Eighty six percent of personal samples for barium exceeded standards in the area for grinding and mixing of barium containing ores. Total dust ranged from 29 to 64mg/m3, exceeding OSHA standards in all three areas; respirable dusts exceeded the standard of 5mg/m3 in one process area. Thirty six percent of hourly workers had high blood pressure. Seven of 94 serum creatinine and 10 blood lead concentrations were abnormal. The authors conclude that workers are being exposed in various process areas to excessive lead, barium, zinc, and dust. They recommend respirators.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Dust-exposure; Metal-oxides; Air-sampling; Paint-industry; Industrial-hygiene; Respiratory-protective-equipment; HETA-81-356-1183; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-7;
Author Keywords: Inorganic Pigments; Barium; Cadmium; Lead; Zinc; Dust; Hypertension; Renal Disease
7440-39-3; 7439-92-1; 7440-66-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health